Wyoming Gov. 1

Question Answer
1st Amendment Freedom of expression. free speech, press right to peaceably assemble.
Legitimacy Political Authority, divine right, social contract inspired by john Locke
Direct Democracy everyone votes on each issue, new England town hall meetings
Representative democracy we vote in elections for people to represent U.S. very few issues we vote on directly
Marxist Theory society is divided in 2 economic groups, owners and workers, government is a reflection of economic power, government is controlled by wealthy capitolists
Bureaucratic Theory of Power government will be dominated by those who run it on a daily basis, have a great deal of power how to enforce laws
Pluralism so many players in the political realm that no one has overall power, no one will win forever, different issues and different levels of govt.
Political Culture How economic and political life should be carried out. behavior in a democracy, broad ideas about the values and behavior we expect
Equality everyone has equal right to vote, everyone has a fair and equal chance. everyone has equal economic resources
Declaration of independence King George III broke social contract so Thomas Jefferson wrote
Stamp act Tea – huge portion was being taxed so resulted in the Boston Tea Party
Articles of Confederation First form of government for the US. had many problems: no tax revenue, state not required to listen to the government, trade wars
Shay's Rebellion Revolutionary war soldiers protest, continental congress asked to help but couldn't raise enough money for troops, showed vulnerability of the national government
Virginia Plan Govt. has three branches, states get to vote based on population
New Jersey plan small state worried about loosing power, amend not replace the articles, representation should be by state, state equality
Slavery in the constitution constitution would have not been passed if it too harshly judged slavery
3/5 compromise counted slaves 3/5 of 1 person, went into counting the population, not repealed until after the civil war
Ratification of the constitution needed 9 states out of the 13 to ratify, by 1789 US was under the constitution, 9th state (NH) ratified in June 1788
Anti-federalists opposed to the constitution, wanted power at state level, states protect rights the better
Separation of powers constitutional authority is shared by three separate branches of govt. with each having certain rolls and responsibilities.
Checks and Balances power of the branches of govt. to block actions by the other two branches. Senate must approve presidential appointments and courts can declare anything unconstitutional.
Federalism Power divided between the national govt. and the state govt. some areas where the govt. is supreme some where the states govt. is supreme
Amendments (path for new ones) happens at national level, must be proposed of either 2/3 vote of both house and senate, convention called by congress by request of 2/3 of state legislature.
Unitary system national govt. has final authority over any govt. activity; local govt. can be abolished by the national govt.; central govt. states. citizens
Necessary and proper clause gives congress the authority to "make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying to execution" its enumerated powers
McCulloch vs Maryland could congress charter a national bank? Yes due to the necessary and proper clause. Could states tax this federal bank? no the power to tax is the power to destroy, national govt. is supreme
Intergovernmental lobby states and local govt. are very necessary dependents on federal funds
Intergovernmental grants block and categorical
Block grants less restriction
categorical grants given to states for very specific purposes; can require matching funds from the states; increasing the way the national govt. gives money to the states
Mandates federal laws that states must obey even if funding isn't attached; difficult for state and local govt. to pay for
Conditions in aid to get money (which is voluntary) you must accept these rules; gives govt. some control that the constitution doesn't necessarily give
Civil Rights treating groups of people equally; okay to treat people differently under the law; differences must be reasonable. ex: felons
The great compromise Bicameral legislature; house of rep. based upon population; each state has two senators regardless on population; narrowly passed.
Plessy vs Ferguson Louisiana had a law requiring black and whites to ride in different train cars; supreme court upheld the law; "separate but equal" doctrine emerged; Jim Crow laws
Brown VS board class action suit that separate was not equal; black children have the right to go to white schools; unanimous decision; local schools need desegregation plans would be overseen by local fed. district courts.
De Jure segregation by law; clearly unconstitutional
De Facto segregation based on living patterns social forces; supreme court found that this was also unconstitutional; if blacks and whites live in different areas a good chance that there will be segregation
Racial profiling justified if one racial group is more likely to break laws; it is discriminatory; don't know if it helps find criminals
Women's rights struggle to expand rights to women; 19th amendment (1920) right to vote
Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibit sex and racial discrimination in hiring, firing and promotion of an employee
Gay Rights Obergefell vs hodges (2015); military states don't ask don't tell; public opinion changing quickly
Suffrage women's right to vote
Power Elite small groups of powerful people; make policy to serve themselves and others; military, top politicians, business leaders; benefits themselves not anyone else
Free Exercise Clause Congress shall make no law prohibiting the “free exercise” of religion
Establishment Clause Congress shall make no law “respecting an establishment of religion”
Exclusionary Rule Evidence gathered in violation of the Constitution cannot be used in trials; Must have a valid search warrant or evidence found while arresting you
Gideon vs Wainwright Defendants guaranteed legal representation
Libel written statement that defames the character of another person; oral statement is slander
Symbolic Speech Illegal acts cannot be used as a speech defense
Texas vs Johnson Law against burning the flag; Supreme court found unconstitutional because burning is a form of free speech; congress passed bill banning burning
Common Goods those things which we all benefit from that all the private market may not provide
Governor of Wyoming Matt Mead
Senators of Wyoming Mike Enzi, John Barrasso
Rep. of Wyoming Liz Cheney
Wyoming's Economy Very Dependent on minerals; tourism somewhat reliant; not dependent on agriculture anymore
Wyoming's Political Culture overwhelming conservative; slow to adopt new ideas; libertarian views; distrust of national government
Wyoming's constitution 3x as long as the us constitution; copied heavily from other states; amendments must be ratified by a majority of all voters in an election; dozens of amendments
Bakke Case University of California denied student based upon race; case won and the court permitted university to continue to take minority status in to consideration but limited severely the use of quotas
Federalist Papers 85 articles written in the New York newspapers supporting ratification of the constitution; defended the principles of the constitution and sought to dispel the fears of a national authority.
Confederation State and local government go out to the central govt. and the citizens; power held by the states

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