Reconstruction vocab

Term Definition
Reconstruction the period of time when the united states made policies to rebuild the South is known as this.
Ku Klux Klan this group was formed in 1866 and began terrorizing African Americans and Whites who supported their rights.
Civil Rights Act of 1866 The second bill gave African American citizenship and guaranteed them the same legal rights as White Americans
Fourteenth Amendment Worried that the Civil Rights Act of 1866 might be over turned, Republicans in Congress passed the Fourteenth Amendment
Fifteenth Amendment To protect African American voting rights, Republican quickly pushed the Fifteenth Amendment through Congress in February 1869. It protected the voting rights of African American males and went into effect in 1870
Scalawags White Southerners who supported the changes were labeled scalawags, or scoundrels, by ex-Confederates.
Carpetbaggers Southern critics called these northerners carpetbaggers, referring to a tye of suitcase made of carpet fabric.
Sand Creek Massacre The U.S. Army had persuaded a group of Cheyenne to stop raiding farms and return to their Colorado reservation peacefully, but then army troops attacked, killing about 150 people, and burning the camp. Congress condemned the actions but did not ounish the
Battle of the Little Bighorn to stop raids of settlers in Sioux territory, the government ordered all Sioux to leave. Instead, led by sitting bull. thousand of Sioux Cheyenne and arapaho gathered near the little bighorn river. there a young cavalry officer, George Armstrong custer ,
The dawn act broke up some reservations ad divided the land among individuals but often the goverment sold the best land and gave the rest to the
Pacific Railway Act or Transcontinental Railroad this act passed on july1 1862 provided Federal subsidies in land and loans for the construction of a transcontinental railroad across the United States.
Time zones A time zone is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes
Exodusters Exodusters was a name given to African Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas in the late nineteenth century, as part of the Exoduster Movement or Exodus of 1879.
American Indian Boarding Schools Native American boarding schools were established in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries to educate and assimilate Native American children and youths according to Euro-American standards.
Indian Reservation An Indian reservation is a legal designation for an area of land managed by a Native American tribe under the US Bureau of Indian Affairs, rather than the state governments of the United States in which they are physically located.

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