Civics Review

Term Definition
13th Amendment Anti slavery
14th Amendment Equal rights
15th Amendment Prohibits the federal and state gov. from denying a citizen the right to vote.
19th Amendment Women's right to vote
22nd Amendment The president can only serve 2 terms
25th Amendment The presidential succession
Caucuses A conference of members of a legislative body.
Checks and Balances One branch can't be more powerful than the others
Chief Diplomat One of his most important diplomatic powers is to recognize foreign governments.
Chief Executive making major corporate decisions, managing the overall operations and resources of a company, and acting as the main point of communication between the board of directors and corporate operations.
Chief Legislator reviews each bill and decides whether to sign it into law or veto it.
Chief of State decides how the laws of the United States are to be enforced and chooses officials and advisors to help run the Executive Branch.
City when Declaration of Independence was witter Philadelphia
Closed Primary registered party members can vote only in their own party's
Commander in Chief Head of the army and Navy
Date of the Declaration July 4, 1819
Democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
Disqualifications for Voting
Elastic Clause a statement in the Constitution granting Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers.
Electoral College people representing the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president.
Executive Branch powers veto, or reject, a proposal for a law; appoint federal posts; negotiate foreign treaties with other countries; appoint federal judges; and grant pardons, or forgiveness,
Federal Supreme Court composed of a chief justice and eight associate justices, all of whom are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate.
Federalism the federal principle or system of government.
General Assembly The principal deliberative body of the United Nations
Governor Roles Signing or vetoing bills passed by the Legislature. Serving as commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. Convening special sessions of the Legislature for specific purposes.
How a bill becomes a law A legislative proposal that if passed by both the House and the Senate and approved by the President becomes law. Each bill is assigned a bill number. HR denotes bills that originate in the House and S denotes bills that originate in the Senate.
Impeachment the action of calling into question the integrity or validity of something.
Interest Groups organization of people who share a common interest and work together to protect and promote that interest by influencing the government.
Judicial branch powers interpret the Constitution and limit the powers of the other branches of government. The Supreme Court's power to do this is its power of judicial review, where it determines which laws and policies are constitutional, or allowable, and which are not.
Judicial Review The power of courts to assess whether a law is in compliance with the constitution.
Laws for Voting Must be a citizen of that state and 18 years or older.
Legislative branch powers passing laws, originating spending bills, impeaching officials, and approving treaties.
Limited Government governmental power is restricted by law, usually in a written constitution.
Line of Succession V.P.Speaker of the House of Representatives President Pro Tempore of the SenateSecretary of State
Mayors and Councils
New Jersey Plan
Original Jurisdiction
Pa. Supreme Court
Party Symbols
Political Spectrum
Polling Place
Population's role in Congress
Powers of Local Government
President of the State
President Qualifications
Presidential powers
Purpose of the Constitution
Purpose of the Declaration
Purpose of the Legislative Branch
Ratification of the Constitution
Representative Democracy
Rights of Accused
Rights of Legal Immigrants
Separation of Powers separate to prevent abuse of power.
Speaker of the House Paul Ryan
State of the Union a yearly address delivered each January by the president of the US to Congress, giving the administration's view of the state of the nation and plans for legislation.
Supremacy Clause establishes that the Constitution, federal laws made pursuant to it, and treaties made under its authority, constitute the supreme law of the land.
The entire Preamble of the Constitution We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do
Voter Motor Act certain voter registration requirements with respect to elections for federal office.
Voting Regulations prohibits voting practices and procedures that discriminate based on race, color, or membership in a language minority group
Ways to Lose Citizenship applying for and obtaining naturalization in a foreign country, provided the person is at least 18 years old; (2) making an oath of allegiance to a foreign country, provided the person is at least 18 years old
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation too weak to enforce their laws and therefore had no power.
What the Articles of Confederation did served as the written document that established the functions of the national government of the United States after it declared independence from Great Britain.
Writer of the Declaration Thomas Jefferson
Amendment #1 Freedom of Speech
Amendment #2 The right to bear arms
Amendment #3 Sheltering soldiers
Amendment #4 Search Warrant
Amendment #5 Not to testify against yourself in the court of law
Amendment #6 The right to a fair and speedy trial
Amendment #7 Trial by Jury
Amendment #8 Protected from cruel and unusual punishment
Amendment #9
Amendment #10

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