Civics Final

Term Definition
1st Amendment Freedom of speech, press, and religion
2nd Amendment Right to bear arms (guns and weapons)
3rd Amendment Housing of soldiers
4th Amendment Protection from unreasonable searches and seizures
5th Amendment Protection to the right of life, liberty, and property
6th Amendment Rights of accused persons in criminal cases (speedy trial)
7th Amendment Right to trial by jury
8th Amendment Excessive bail, fines, and punishments forbidden
9th Amendment Other rights kept by the people
10th Amendment Undelegated powers kept by the states and the people
13th Amendment Slavery Outlawed
14th Amendment Rights of Citizenship
15th Amendment Voting Rights for all races
19th Amendment Voting rights for men and women
22nd Amendment Presidents limited to two terms
25th Amendment Replacing the President and Vice president
Caucuses Closed meeting of party members in each state
Checks and Balances Gives branches the right to restrain the others, to make sure the rights of citizens are respected
Chief Diplomat Recognize foreign governments, appoint ambassadors, conduct negotiations and foreign treaties
Chief Executive Boss for millions of government workers in the executive branch
Chief Legislator Suggest laws to congress; can veto
Chief of State Represent the state
City where the Declaration of Independence was written Philidelphia
Closed Primary Members must vote candidates ONLY apart of the part they're in. This type of primary restricts independents from voting.
Commander in Chief Leader of all military power; where and when troops will be stationed
Date of the Declaration of Independence July 4th, 1776
Democracy System of government by the whole population or eligible members of a state, typically through ELECTED representatives.
Disqualifications for voting -Those on probation or parole -Incarcerated for a felony conviction *Voting rights are restored when you are not ^^^ and you should re register to vote
Elastic Clause Article 1, section 8, clause 18: It gives congress the power to create laws that are necessary and proper to do its job *it stretches to do what it needs to cover*
Electoral College Body of people representing the states of the U.S. who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president.
Executive Branch powers
Federal supreme court
Federalism Power is divided between a central government and smaller governments to make the central government have power but not enough to threaten other states and people.
General Assembly
Governor Roles/powers
How a bill becomes a law -Starts as an idea then ontact your congressman-The bill is introduced to a member of congress, and placed into a hopper then It goes to a committee then is debated within the committee then goes to a floor debate the bill could die or pass -If passes
Impeachment To bring charges against; not removal
Interest Groups A private organization that tries to persuade public officials to respond to the shared attitude of its members
Judicial branch powers
Judicial Review Federal courts review the acts of the federal government to make sure they're abiding by the constitution.
Laws for voting
Legislative branch powers
Limited Government The government has limited involvement with the people
Line of succession The order in which persons may become or act as president if the president died or became disabled.
Mayors and Councils
Naturalization Legal act or process by which a non-citizen in a country may acquire citizenship or nationality of that country.
New Jersey Plan
Original Jurisdiction When the supreme court hears a case for the first time
PA. Supreme Court
Party Symbols Republican-ElephantDemocratic- Donkey
Political Spectrum System of classifying different political positions that symbolize independent political dimensions.
Polling Place Where voters who live in a precinct vote
Populations role in congress
Powers of Congress
Powers of Local Government
President of the Senate
President Qualifications -Must be 35 years old -Must be native born (born in the U.S. or in its territories/ parents are U.S. citizens)-Resided in the U.S, for at least 14 years
Presidential Powers
Primaries An election where each party will select one candidate that will represent their party in the general election; Closed,Open, and Modified open primaries
Purpose of the Article of Confederation Written document that established the functions of the national government of the United States after it declared independence from Great Britain.
Purpose of the Constitution To create a national government; legislative, executive, and judicial with a checks and balances system. It divides power between federal governments and the states. It protects various individual liberties of American citizens.
Purpose of the Declaration of Independence To justify the American rebellion against Great Britain to other nationsTo win sympathy and support for their cause
Purpose of the Legislative brnach To make laws or change existing ones
Ratification of the Constitution
Representative Democracy
Rights of the accused
Rights of Legal Immigrants
Separation of powers The governments power is equally divided in three branches. The branches cannot abuse power this way.
Speaker of the house -Preside over the house -Keep order within the house and steer legislation -Selected by house members -Allowed to speak or debate issues -Recognizes who speaks on the floor -Has to vote to break a tie
State of the union Annual speech given by the president of the United States, with help from congress, in the first year of the new presidents term.
Supremacy Clause Article 6, clause 2: The constitution is the SUPREME LAW of the land
The Preamble "We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do
Voter Motor act A law passed by congress that voters register when they get their license or renew it-increased voter registration-Increase voter participation -Avoid voter fraud
Voting regulations
Ways to lose citizenship
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation -Congress had no power to tax-Held states accountable-No power over the state governments -Could not regulate trade -No executive or judicial branch
What the Articles of Confederation did
Writer of the Declaration of independence Thomas Jefferson
Chief of Party President helps members of their political party get elected or appointed to office.

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