Chapter 3 abdomen abdomen

Question Answer
The prominence of the greater trochanter is at about the same level as the __________ symphysis pubis, and the lower margins of the ischial tuberosities are about ____ inches _______(proximal or distal) to the sympysis pubis. Superior Border, 1 1/2 inches, distal
Which topographic landmark is found at the level of L2-L3? Inferior Coastal margin
The iliac crest is at the level of the __________vertebra. Interspace between L4-L5
What are 2 causes of involuntary motion? patient breathing and patient moving during exposure
What is the primary cause for involuntary motion in the abdomen? peristaltic movement in the bowel
This radiographic appearance of the abdomen corresponds to what pathological condition:Distended loops of air-filled small intestine Crohn's disease
This radiographic appearance of the abdomen corresponds to what pathological condition:Air-filled "coiled spring" appearance Intussusception
This radiographic appearance of the abdomen corresponds to what pathological condition:General abdominal haziness Ascities
This radiographic appearance of the abdomen corresponds to what pathological condition:Thin crest-shaped radiolucency underneath the diaphragm pneumoperitoneum
This radiographic appearance of the abdomen corresponds to what pathological condition:Deep air-filled mucosal protrusions of colon wall Ulcerative Colitis
this radiographic appearance of the abdomen corresponds to what pathological condition:large amount of air trapped in sigmoid colon with a tapered narrowing at the site of the obstruction volvulus
Why may the PA projection of a KUB generally be less desirable than the AP projection? increased OID of kidneys on PA
What decubitus position of the abdomen best demonstrates intraperitoneal air in the abdomen? Left lateral decubitus (free air best visualized in upper right abdomen in area of liver)
Which decubitus position best demonstrates possible aneurysms, calcifications of the aorta, or umbilical hernias? Dorsal Decubitus
Which projection best demonstrates a possible aortic aneurysm in the prevertebral region of the abdomen? Lateral position
Which projection of the three way series best demonstrates free air under the diaphragm? PA Chest
Which positioning routine should be used for an acute abdominal series if the patient is too ill to stand? 2 way abdomen, AP Supine and a left lateral decubitus
What position/positions best visualize free air under the diaphragm? Erect PA Chest or AP Erect Abdomen
If a patient is to ill to stand, what position will replace the erect? Left lateral decubitus
What abdomen position is performed for localization of foreign bodies? lateral abdomen
Acute abdomen routines for pediatric patients generally include: a 2 way abdomen series AP supine and a horizontal beam projection
A smaller portion of peritoneal cavity located posterior to the stomach lesser sac or omentum bursa
What is attached to the posteromedial aspect of the cecum? Appendix (vermiform appendix)
What part of small intestines comes after the duodenum? Jejunum 2/5
What is the largest solid organ in the body liver
What is the most common abdominal radiograph? KUB or AP supine
What is the proximal portion of the duodenum called? duodenal bulb or cap
What is the shortest but widest of the 3 segments of the small intestine? Duodenum
What structures should be seen on a KUB? outline of liver, spleen, kidneys and air filled stomach and bowel segments and the arch of the symphysis pubis for bladder. MUST have pubic symphysis
What landmark is at T9-T10, superior margin of the abdomen Xiphoid process

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *