chapter 2 med term

Term Definition
hyperalgesia increased sensitivity to pain
antiemetic an agent that prevents or alleviates nausea
premenstrual before the onset of menses
above or upon the skin/outer layer of skin epidermis
hpyothyroidism deficiency of thyroid secretion
intrabuccal within the cheek or mouth
periosteum `connective tissue covering the bone
suprarenal situated above the kidney
hypernea increase in the depth and rate of breathing
intercostal between the ribs
hypodermic beneath the skin
supratympanic above the ear
prenatal before childbirth
epiglottis lidlike structure that covers the larynx to prevent food from entering the trachea
intravenous within a vein
interdigital between the fingers or toes
anticoagulant an agent that prevents blood clotting
pericarditis inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
dextrogastria displacement of the stomach to the right
aboral away from the mouth
expectorant an agent that promotes the ejection of mucus from the lungs
dialysis process of separating elements in a solution through a semipermeable membrane
transdermal entering through the skin
dehydrate to remove water from a substance
adrenal pertaining to the adrenal glands
diarrhea abnormal frequency or liquidity of fecal discharges
sinistrocardia location of the heart in the left side of the thorax
dextral pertaining to the right
transabdominal through the abdominal wall
abnormal not normal
sinistral pertaining to the left
adduct to draw toward
exophthalmos abnormal protrusion of the eyeball
detoxify to remove the toxic quality of a substance
diplophonia the production of double vocal sounds
nonspecific not due to any single cause
erythrocyte red blood cell
multicellular many cells
xanthochronic denoting a yellow discoloration of the skin or spinal fluid
immature not fully developed
black or dark urine melanuria
leukemia excessive number of white blood cells
cyanemia bluishness of blood
nonviable not capable of living
panhysterectomy total removal of the uterus and cervix
monochromatic having only one color
albuminuria presence of serum albumin in the urine
triorchidism condition of having three testicles
analgesic pertaining to the giving of a medicine to relieve or remove pain
hemianesthesia condition denoting anesthesia on one side of the body
primipara a woman who has had one pregnancy with a viable offspring
quadruped four-footed
insomnia inability to sleep
biceps a muscle having two heads
apnea temporary absence of breathing
bradycardia abnormally slow heartbeat
cryotherapy the therapeutic use of cold
inability to breathe unless one is in an upright position orthopnea
autograft a graft of tissue derived from the patient's body
orthodontics the branch of dentistry that deals with the prevention and correction of irregularities of the teeth and malocclusion
postmortem occurring or performed after death
neonatal pertaining to the first 4 weeks after birth
noctiphobia irrational fear of the night and darkness
bradypnea abnormally slow breathing
neoplasm new or abnormal growth
postnasal situated or occurring behind the nasal passages
cryosurgery destruction of tissue by the application of extreme cold
nocturia excessive urination at night
autopsy postmortem examination of the body

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