Question Answer
IA Condition, disease
Polyuria Excessive urination
Ella Small
Iatric resembling
OID Medical treatment
OUS Characteristic of
Patella Kneecap
Pediatric care of child
Sinusoid a sinus
Cartilaginous cartilage
Plasty formation, plastic repair
Otoplasty surgery of ear
-AC, -IAC, -AL, -EAL, -IAL, -AR, -ARY pretaining to
-LEPSY Seizure
Epilepsy disease of nervous system marked by seizures
-MALACIA softening
Chondromalacia softening of the cartilage
-MEGALY enlargement
cardiomegaly enlargement of the heart
-OMA Tumor, mass
Sarcoma cancerous tumor of connective tissue
-Osis abnormal condition
dermatomycosis fungal skin infection
-PATHY disease
-PENIA deficiency
leukopenia deficient number of white blood cells
-PLEGIA paralysis
quadriplegia paralysis of all four limbs
-PNEA breathing
apnea temporary cessation of breathing
-SCLEROSIS hardening
arteriosclerosis hardening of the arteries
-RRHAGE bursting forth
menorrhagia excessive menstrual flow
-RRHEA flow, discharge
menorrhea normal menstrual flow
-RRHEXIS breaking open
cardiorrhexis rupture of the heart
-CENTESIS puncture and aspiration
abdominocentesis puncture of abdominal cavity to remove fluid
-ECTOMY surgical removal
appendectomy surgical removal of appendix
-GENIC producing, forming
teratogenic causing birth defects
-GRAPHY process of recording
mammography x-ray photography of breasts
-LYSIS separation
dialysis separation of waste materials from the blood
-OPSY veiw of, vision
-PLASTY surgical repair
rhinoplasty plastic surgery of nose
-SCOPY visual examination
arthroscopy visual examination of the joints
-STOMY opening
tracheostomy cutting an air/drainage opening to the trachea
-TOMY incision, cutting
biepharotomy surgical incision of an eyelid
A-, AN- no, not, without
ANA- up, apart
ANTI- against
acholia lack or absence of bile secretion
analgesic relieving pain
anabasis the stage of increase in a disease
antibody immune body that fights foreign substances
AUTO- Self
autonomic not subject to voluntary control
BI- two
bilateral pertaining to both sides
BRADY- deficient, under
bradycardia abnormally slow heartbeat
CHLORO- green
chloroma malignant, green-colored tumor
CHROMO- color
chromhidrosis secretion of color and sweat
CO-, COM-, CON- With, together
CYANO blue
CYANOSIS blueish skin and mucosal discoloration
cohort a group with a characteristic acquired at the same time
communicability ability to spread from infected to susceptible host
contagious capable of being transmitted from host to host
DE- down, lack of
dehydration lack of water
DECI- one-tenth
deciliter one tenth of a liter
DI- two
diataxia affecting both sides of the body
DIA- through, between, apart, across, completely
diarrhea rapid movement of fecal matter through the intestine
DYS- Bad, painful
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
erythrocyte red blood cell
HEMI- half
hemihypotonia diminished muscle tone on one side of the body
HEXA- six
hexavitamin preparation of six vitamins
HYPER- excessive, above
hypertension persistently high blood pressure
HYPO- below, deficient
hypoglycemia abnormally low level of sugar in the blood
LEUKO- white
leukoencephalitits inflammation of white brain substance
MACRO- large
macroglossia excessive size of the tongue
MAL- bad
malignant tending to worsen and cause death
MELANO- black
melanotrichia abnormal increased pigmentation of the hair
META- change, beyond
metamorphosis change of structure or shape
MICRO- small
micromastia abnormal smallness of the mammary gland
MONO- one, single
monogerminal developed from a single ovum
MULTI- many
multiarticular pertaining to or affecting many joints
NEO- new
neonate a newborn animal
PAN- all
pandemic a widespread epidemic
PENT- five
pentadactyl having five digits
POLY- many, much
polychromatic many-colored
PSEUDO- false
pseudopregnancy false pregnancy
QUADR- four
quadrilocular having four cavities
SUB- less than, beneath
subclinical without clinical manifestations
SYM-, SYN- with together
symbiosis mutally reinforcing
TACHY- fast
tachycardia abnormally fast heartbeat
TRI- three
tribrachius monster with three forelimbs
ULTRA- beyond
ultrasonic beyond the audible range
XANTH- Yellow
xanthemia presence of yellow coloring matter in the blood
AB- away from
abduct to draw away
AD- toward, near
adduct to draw toward
ANTE- before; forward
antemortem preformed or occurring before death
DIS- apart, away from
dissect cut apart
EC-, ECTO- outside
ectopic located away from the normal position
ENO- within, in, inner
endocrine secreting internally
EPI- above, upon
epidermis outermost layer of skin
EX- out
excision removal by cutting out
EXTRA- outside of
extrapulmonary not connected with the lungs
IN- in, into
incisions cutting into
INFRA- below, beneath
infraclavicular below the clavicle
INTER- between
interosseous between two bones
INTRA- within
intravenous within a vein
META- beyond, change
metacarpal bones beyond the wrist
PARA- near, alongside
parametrial near the uterus
PERI- surrounding
perilayngitis inflammation of the tissues around the larynx
POST- after, behind
postvaccinal occurring after a vaccination
PRE- before
prenatal before birth
PRO-, PROS- before, forward
prognosis forecast of likely course of disease
RE- back, again
relapse return of disease symptoms
RETRO- behind, backward
SUB- beneath, less than
subcutaneous under the skin
SUPRA- above, upper
suprapelvic above the pelvis
TRANS- across, through
transverse extending through a structure from side to side

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